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The Nationalization of Latvians and the Issue of Serfdom: The Baltic German Literary ...

Chapter 1:  A Brief Account of Formative Historical Events That Shaped Social and Agrarian Relations Until the Mid-Eighteenth Century in Livonia
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The Nationalization of Latvians and the Issue of Serfdom:

Figure 2. The Baltic lands: Latvian, Liv, and Estonian settlement distributions around 1200 AD: Latvian area comprising Lettigalli, Curones, Semigalli, and Selones tribal groups.

Source. Reinhard Wittram, „Anhänge,” Baltische Geschichte: Die Ostseelande, Livland,Estland, Kurland, 1180–1918 (Munich: Verlag R. Oldenbourg, 1954). Please note that figures 2, 3, 5, and 6 are also attached maps sourced from Wittram’s Baltische Geschichte.