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Assyrians, Kurds, and Ottomans: Intercommunal Relations on the Periphery of the Ottom ...

Chapter 1:  The Homeland and Origin of the Independent Assyrian Tribes of Tiyari and Hakkari
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Assyrians, Kurds, and Ottomans:

Chapter 1

The Homeland and Origin of the Independent Assyrian Tribes of Tiyari and Hakkari

1. The Homeland and Its Location

During the period under study, the country of the Assyrian tribes occupied the central parts of ancient Assyria. J. W. Etheridge stated that

Adiabene, Ashur, or Atyria, Assyria were names for the same region. In this region, lived from time immemorial, the Assyrians as independent people, and during the first half of the nineteenth century they were in constant conflict with the Kurds for pastoral rights. Because they were independent therefore they were called ‘Asherat’.1

According to Asaheel Grant,

Assyria was bounded according to Ptolemy on the north by part of Armenia and mount Niphatis on the west by the Tigris; on the south Susiana: on the east by Choatra and Zaggros. The country within these limits is called by some the ancient Adiabene (or rather Adiabene was included in Assyria) and by others Atiria or Atyria—Assyria is now called Koordistan.2