Developing countries around the world have tried to promote high-technology industries, particularly those based on information and communication technologies (ICTs), in a bid to catch up on industrialization. The boom in the ICT industry in Silicon Valley has sparked renewed interest in using it as a tool to accelerate regional development in developing countries around the globe. However, efforts to establish ICT-based industries in developing countries have met with mixed results. India is one of the few developing countries that has successfully established an internationally competitive software and software services industry during the last 2 decades, especially after the start of India's economic reforms in the early 1990s.
The rise of India as a leading center for software production and exports in the world has been an unexpected development. A very poor and technologically and industrially backward