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Elementary Education and Motivation in Islam: Perspectives of Medieval Muslim Scholar ...

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Elementary Education and Motivation in Islam:

Index

Abbasid, 3, 50, 53, 62, 66, 121, 136n167, 151–152, 165, 173, 178–179, 189n43, 189n51, 200

adabSee also conduct; literature, 5, 10n5, 24, 27, 50–51, 87, 95, 128nn8–9, 152, 154, 156, 163, 170, 190n60

adolescenceSee also murhaqa, 25, 53, 87–88, 90, 117, 124, 124

adulthood, 24–25, 51, 53

adult, 1–2, 11, 26–27, 38–40, 90, 92–93, 110, 114, 117, 131n106, 137n186, 168, 170, 191n65

almsgiving, 88

ambivalence, 141, 154, 167–171, 193n87, 199

aptitude, 91, 100, 106

qil, 21

‘aqlSee also intellect; intelligence, 21, 97

Arabic (study), 13, 52–53, 56–59, 64, 72, 159–161, 199

arithmetic, 57–58, 64, 67, 153, 157, 159, 162, 166, 192n76

arts, 101, 103

‘Ar, 109–110, 133

attitude, 100, 106

a‘ynSee also elite, 50, 53

Ayyubid, 49

‘azm, 14–15, 30

bligh, 21

bastinadoSee also falaqa, 117, 126, 137n186, 137n186

Bedouin, 37, 52–53, 72, 78n102, 168

belief (Islam), 33n85, 51, 54, 57, 153, 156, 159, 162, 179, 199–200

bulghSee also itilm; maturity, 21–22

bureaucracy, 142, 182–183, 200

character, 12, 15, 58, 88, 92, 96, 117, 121–122, 144, 147, 149, 162, 191n65

childhood, 2, 5, 7–8, 24–26, 28, 53–55, 57, 85, 87–88, 97–99, 124–125, 141–142, 148, 157, 169, 180, 199, 202

children, 1, 3–5, 8–9, 21, 23–24, 26–28, 35–61, 63–65, 67, 71–72, 76n67, 82n190, 85, 87–90, 92–99, 101, 107, 109–110, 113–121, 124–126, 135n158, 141–142, 144–145, 147, 151–153, 155, 157–163, 167–172, 181–183, 188n34, 192n76, 193n83, 193n85, 194n95, 197–200, 202

clemencySee also rifq, 93–95, 111, 119–120

codexSee also muaf, 41

commoners, 52, 67, 71–73, 149, 153–154, 161–162, 184, 190n60, 192n76

conductSee also adab, 2, 10n5, 27, 50, 80n148, 94, 96, 104, 120–121, 123, 128n8, 150, 152, 156, 183, 190n60, 201

consensusSee also ijm, 21, 76n67, 159, 181