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Malcolm X and Africa By A.B. Assensoh and Yvette M. Alex-Assensoh ...

Chapter :  Introduction
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Malcolm X and Africa

Introduction

Malcolm X, Pan-Africanism, and Today’s Blacks

Ivor Agyeman-Duah

The legacy of Malcolm X’s dramatic life and activism evokes different emotional responses in people in the United States of America and also elsewhere: for example, within the United States of America, whose citizen Malcom X was and to whose African American community he belonged, he was seen by his critics as an abrasive witness as well as (in the estimation of his admirers) a victim of racial afflictions, challenges of identity and daily deprivations of the community in which he lived and worked. For example, in Harlem, New York as well as the Deep South—whose plantation economies and general economic growth had been sustained with slave labor of the horrendous transatlantic journey of slavery and enslavement—had been his point of argumentation.