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Nigerian Bureaucracy in an African Democracy By Bola Dauda and Toyin Falola ...

Chapter 1:  Background to Democracy-Bureaucracy Relations
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Nigerian Bureaucracy in an African Democracy

Chapter 1

Background to
Democracy-Bureaucracy Relations

Introduction

The collapse of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) in the late 1980s has had far-reaching implications for the future practice and theory of democracy. Britain, the United States, and other liberal democracies interpreted the collapse as a victory for the West. For Eastern Europe, however, it created a lot of mixed outcomes in terms of a mismatch between naive optimism about seeking democracy and all-will-be-well on the one hand, and the reality of the experiences of African countries in which flag independence meant the beginning of the rough road to building and sustaining the socioeconomic and political institutions required for democracy. For third world countries, the collapse created ideological disorientation for both the non-aligned newly independent countries as much as it did for those who opted for socialism and communism as a political pathway to socioeconomic development.1