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Military Strategy in the 21st Century: People, Connectivity, and Competition By Char ...

Chapter 1:  Introduction
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Military Strategy in the 21st Century:

Chapter 1

Introduction

Over the long term, we cannot kill or capture our way to victory. Non-military efforts—these tools of persuasion and inspiration—were indispensable to the outcome of the defining ideological struggle of the 20th century. They are just as indispensable in the 21st century—and perhaps even more so.

—Robert Gates, Former US Secretary of Defense1

Intrigue before Battle

This book calls for rethinking how the US national-security community approaches population-centric warfare and strategic competition in the twenty-first century. Strategic advantage in the twenty-first century will emerge from mapping human geography in a connected world, leveraging key relationships, and applying a mix of unconventional and conventional methods that put adversaries on the horns of a dilemma. Consider the 216 BCE Battle of Cannae.

The military profession teaches the battle as a masterpiece of ground maneuver. Hannibal used mobile forces to draw out heavier Roman units before enveloping the legions and causing a catastrophic defeat. In