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Krausism and the Spanish Avant-Garde: The Impact of Philosophy on National Culture By ...

Chapter 1:  Krausism in Spain
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Krausism and the Spanish Avant-Garde:

Chapter 1

Krausism in Spain

And the whole Spanish philosophical movement…
starts from an illustrious thinker, son of the
lands of Soria, Don Julián Sanz del Río.

—Antonio Machado
(Prosas Dispersas 362)1

Sociopolitical and Cultural Background

The first half of the nineteenth century was a defining epoch for society in Spain. The period during which a liberal government took over in the Iberian nation for the first time, known as the Liberal Triennium (1821–1823), brought the First Carlist War, which some consider may have been the first civil war in the Iberian nation.2 Due to this conflict, Spain witnessed the emergence of two sides that struggled to gain and retain control of the nation’s power; the conservatives and the liberals. The former, influenced by the Catholic Church and the aristocrats who had governed for most of the century, felt no need to change the status quo. They were traditionalists and to a certain extent resistant to new ideas. However, throughout most of the first half of the century, the