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Nature and Nostalgia in the Poetry of Nader Naderpour By Rouhollah Zarei and Roger S ...

Chapter 1:  Naderpour A Critical Study
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Nature and Nostalgia in the Poetry of Nader Naderpour

Chapter 1

Naderpour: A Critical Study

Nima Yushij, pen name for Ali Esfandyari (1896–1960), can be considered the founder of modern Persian poetry. He broke away from the constraints of Persian prosodic measures and thus brought about a revolution in classical poetry. He set aside the traditional fixed-length hemistich and the rhyme while making an effort to adapt the language of poetry with the needs of contemporary life. Among his famous followers were Ahmad Shamlou, Mehdi Akhavan-Sales, Forough Farrokhzad, and Fereydoun Moshiri. The last was a conciliator of classical Persian poetry with the New Poetry. In this respect, Nader Naderpour occupies a similar place in modern Persian poetry. During a lecture at UCLA in 1989 for the commemoration of Naderpour’s 60th birthday, Ehsan Yarshater, the founder and director of the Center for Iranian Studies, maintained: “If I were to inhabit a (deserted) island and take a collection of a contemporary poet, I would have gone with Naderpour although no collection of him is published, I would have been happy with at least a selection of his poems” (Eidgah 297).

Naderpour’s evolution as a poet was steady and consistent over decades of literary activity. In the 1950s he was already well-known, but the 1960s marked the pinnacle of fame. In the 1970s his poetry revolutionized and