Introduction a Shot Across the Bow
In many respects, the modern Congress is like the proverbial, stubborn jackass…you have to hit it between the eyes with a 2 – 4 to get its attention. Your best (some say only) 2 – 4 is the power to veto.
—Frank Moore and Les Francis1
On October 5, 1978, President Jimmy Carter sent a letter to all members of Congress announcing his veto of the Fiscal Year (hereafter FY) 1979 Energy and Water Appropriations Bill.