Economic Benefits of Ethnolinguistic Diversity: Implications for International Political Economy

by Agnieszka Aleksy-Szucsich

Table of Contents

Preface

Acknowledgments


Part One: Introduction

1. Underlying Idea

2. Research Approach

3. Structure of Research


Part Two: Background

4. Significant Prior Research

4.1. Differing Perceptions of Ethnic Diversity


Part Three: Theoretical Foundations of Research

I. Innovation

I.1. Schumpeter’s Theory of Innovation

I.2. Three-fold Understanding of Innovation

II. Diversity-Innovation Link

5. Diversity-Creativity Link

5.1. Value in Diversity Hypothesis and Supportive Theories

5.2. Empirical Support for Diversity-Creativity Link in Organizational Science

6. Diversity-Openness to Change Link

6.1. Diversity-Openness to Change Research in Organizational Science

7. Diversity-Entrepreneurship Link

7.1. Empirical support for higher entrepreneurial propensity among minorities and immigrants

7.2. Why are minorities and immigrants more entrepreneurial?

III. Identifying the Right Context

8. Importance of the Right Context

9. Right Context on Group and Firm Level

9.1. Valuing Diversity

9.2. Growth- and Innovation-Focused Strategy

9.3. Interaction between Diverse Individuals

10. Right Context on Country Level

10.1. Valuing Diversity on the Country Level–Democratic Pluralism

10.2. Growth- and Innovation-Focused Strategy on the Country Level

10.3.Interaction between Diverse Individuals on the Country Level

11. Right Context Identified

IV. Operationalization of Country Level Analysis

12. Hypothesis

13. Dependent, Independent, and Intervening Variables

14. Model

14.1. Sample Size

14.2. Method

14.3. Regression Framework


Part Four: Empirical Analysis

15. Measurement of Variables

15.1. Measurement of Dependent Variables

15.1b. Openness to Change

15.1c. Innovation

15.2. Measurement of Independent Variables

15.2a. Ethnolinguistic Diversity–Old Ethnic Minorities

15.2b. Ethnolinguistic Diversity–Immigration

15.3. Measurement of Intervening Variables

15.3a. Value in Diversity–Integration and Learning Perspective on Diversity

15.3b. Growth- and Innovation-Focused Strategy

16. Factor Analysis—Creating Single Scales for the Variables

16.1. Creating Scales for Dependent Variables

16.1a. Creativity Factor Analysis

16.1b. Openness to Change Factor Analysis

16.1c. Innovation Factor Analysis

16.2. Creating Scales for Independent Variables

16.2a. Diversity Factor Analysis

16.3. Creating Scales for Intervening Variables

16.3a. Right Context Factor Analysis

17. Regression Analysis—Testing the Hypothesis

17.1. Traditional Creativity—Regression Results

17.2. Creativity—Regression Results

17.3. Openness—Regression Results

17.4. Innovation—Regression Results

18. Robustness of the Results


Part Five: Discussion of the Results

19. Discussion of the Factor Analysis Results

20. Discussion of the Regression Analysis Results


Conclusions

Appendices

References

Index


 

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