The United Nations and the Rationale for Collective Intelligence

by Bassey Ekpe

Table of Contents


Desirability and Feasibility

The Idea of United Nations Intelligence

Preliminary Assumptions About Collective Intelligence

Methodological Approach

Developing and Applying Models and Variables

Models and Nested Models

Overview and Structure of the Book

Part I: Theories of Collective Action and Decision Making

Chapter 1: Conceptual Framework for Collective Action

On the Distinction Between Cooperation and Collective Action

Criteria for the Analysis of Collective Action

Anarchy, Order, and the Logic of Centralised Solution for Collective Intelligence

Relevance of Authority in the Anarchy Paradigm

Many Meanings of Anarchy

Chapter 2: Centralised and Decentralised Systems

Relevance of Order in Domestic Political Systems

Implications of Order and Authority for Decentralised Systems

Government as Political Authority

Definition of the State as a Further Source of Political Authority

Acceptance of Authority and Leadership in Decentralised Systems

Chapter 3: The Rationale for Collective Action

Incentives and the Feasibility of Collective Action: The Relative and Absolute Gains Debate

Micro-Motives and Macro-Behaviour in Theory of Collective Action

Incentives and the Logic of Collective Action

Assumptions About Incentive Problems

Incentive Compatibility and the Feasibility of Collective Action

Consideration of Efficient Output as a Function of Incentives

Part II: Interfacing Intelligence with the United Nations System: Contradictions and Complementarities

Chapter 4: Collective Action and the United Nations: System, Process, and Change

The United Nations: An Overview

The Charter

The Domestic Jurisdiction Rule

The United Nations and Collective Security: Concepts, Opportunities, and Difficulties

Evolution, Change, and the United Nations Experience

Obstacles, Innovations and Impact on Intelligence Capability

Chapter 5: Strategic Intelligence: Concepts, Evolution, and Change

Secrecy as a Function

Sociology of Secrecy

What is Intelligence?

Intelligence or Knowledge

The Tasks of Intelligence in Policy and Planning

Concepts and Doctrine

A Brief History of Change and Functional Crisis

From Counterintelligence to Counter Subversion

Chapter 6: Intelligence process and cycle

Information Analysis, Decision Making, and the Theory of Intelligence Functions

Analysis and the Logic of Intelligence Failure

Towards a Viable UN Intelligence Capability

Characteristics and the Meaning of United Nations Intelligence

Part III: Towards a Theory of Collective Intelligence: Concepts and Evidence

Chapter 7: The Rationale for Collective Intelligence

The Idea of Pooled Knowledge

Collective Intelligence as a Social Good

Strategic and Tactical Intelligence Cooperation

History and Development of UN Intelligence

The Beginning of the End of EISAS

Genesis of the Office for Research and the Collection of Information

Politics of Reform and Demise of ORCI

UNTAC’s Information/Education Process in Cambodia

Chapter 8: United Nations Intelligence Assets: Sources, Methods, and Implications

Sources and Methods

Information Functions of Special Programmes

Research and Analysis in the Secretariat

Planning Peacekeeping Operations in the DPKO

Development of the Military Intelligence Branch

Problems in Coordinating Multi-National Intelligence

Analysis of Underlying Problems in Coordinating Field Intelligence

Part IV: Balance and Consensus as Primary Variables in Multi-Agency Decision Making: Case Studies in the Feasibility of United Nations Intelligence Capability

Chapter 9: Multi-Agency Decision-Making and the Rationale for Collective Intelligence: Lessons From UNSCOM

Assumptions of Coordination in Decentralised Decision-Making Processes

United Nations Special Commission and Intelligence Process in Iraq

UNSCOM’S Intelligence Structure and Assets

Voluntary Disclosure

The Legacy of UNSCOM and Implications for the Inspection and Verification Process

UNSCOM’s Legal Authority Versus Iraq’s Sovereignty

The Beginning of the End of UNSCOM

Assessing the Functions of Third Party Intervention

Chapter 10: Framework for Collective Intelligence: Lessons from UNMOVIC

Negotiating Balance and Consensus

UNMOVIC’s Structure and Processes

Intelligence Infrastructure and Assets

Operational Guidelines

Intelligence in the Balkans: A Study in Balance, Consensus, and Clarity of Objectives

UNTAES Mandates

Intelligence Success


Criteria for a Viable Intelligence Capability in a Collective Security System

Chapter 11: Feasibility of Collective Intelligence in Decentralised Actor Environment

Paretian Optimum and the Solution Problem in Decentralised Systems

Towards a Stable Solution

Conventions and Rules as Functions of Stability

Further Criteria for the Feasibility of Collective Action

Sliding Scale and Interest Articulation: Assumptions and Characteristics

Towards a Definition of the Feasibility of Collective Action With Regard to Optimal Output






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