However, while this study’s primary purpose was to determine whether it appeared that U.S.-based hate Web sites are entitled to First Amendment protection, the findings of this study make other important contributions. To begin with, this study makes an important contribution to the ongoing debate about what First Amendment tests for evaluating the constitutionality of speech are, and are not, appropriate for assessing the constitutionality of hate speech posted online. The study also revealed the various themes, targets of hatred, and nontextual rhetoric found on the sampled hate sites. Taken as whole, this information sheds light on the ideologies and underlying motivations of a variety of U.S.-based hate groups, how events and circumstances may have influenced the rhetoric these groups produce, as well as the similarities and dissimilarities that exist among the groups. Above all else, this information provides a better understanding of what type of content is posted on hate sites operated by various U.S.-based hate groups, the similarities and dissimilarities that exist in that content, as well as how that content could potentially affect persons in the online and offline communities.
Yet, even though this study is one of the most comprehensive of its kind, further analyses of the content of U.S.-based hate sites are still warranted. After all, the evidence suggests that the number of these Web sites will only continue to increase.